The study considers numerous factors potentially related to suicide ideation in adults, including life stress, stress perceptions, social support, personality, alcohol use, chronic conditions, distress symptoms and sociodemographic background.
Using data from a health survey of 825 adult residents in the urban Reykjavik area of Iceland, the study finds that financial hardship, legal stress, family difficulties, stress perceptions and low material support are significantly related to thoughts of committing suicide.
Multiple chronic conditions, frequent alcohol use and various forms of distress (e.g. depression, anxiety, hopelessness, pain) are also related to suicide ideation.
Furthermore, low self-esteem and external locus of control (low sense of mastery) are both associated with suicidal thoughts.
No significant relationships were found between sociodemographic background and suicide ideation.
The meaning of the results, and their implications for continued theoretical and clinical work in this area, are discussed.
Suicide research has primarily focused on completed suicides (e.g. Durkheim  1951 ; Fisher et al. 1993 ; Henry and Short 1954 ; Lester 1974 ; Pritchard 1996) or suicide attempts (e.g. Diekstra 1982 ; Maris 1981 ; Slap et al. 1989 ; Smith and Crawford 1986 ; Stack and Wasserman 1995).
Relatively few studies have focused on thoughts of own death or suicide, or suicide planning. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Idée suicide, Facteur risque, Stress, Support social, Personnalité, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Islande, Iles Atlantiques, Adulte jeune, Homme, Adulte, Vieillard
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Suicide ideation, Risk factor, Stress, Social support, Personality, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Iceland, Atlantic Ocean Islands, Young adult, Human, Adult, Elderly
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0152158
Code Inist : 002B18C11. Création : 21/07/1998.