Traduction en anglais : Pyrethroids in the house dust of the German residential population : Results of two nationwide cross sectional studies.
dies : As a part of the German Environmental Surveys performed in 1985/86 (West Germany), 1990/91 (West Germany) and 1991/92 (East Germany), dust samples were collected in the households of about 1600 randomly selected adults (25 to 69 years) and an analysis of these samples was performed in respect of their content of 8 different pyrethroids and of the synergist piperonyl butoxide (PBO).
In the 1990-92 survey about 90% of the samples contained permethrin in concentrations above the limit of quantification.
This showed permethrin to be the most widespread of the 8 compounds investigated.
The geometric mean of the permethrin content in domestic dust was 0.22 mg/kg.
Only about 8% of the samples contained one or more of the other investigated substances (cyfluthrin, lambda-cyhalothrin, cypermethrin, alpha-cypermethrin, deltamethrin, empenthrin, d-phenothrin) in quantifiable amounts.
About 76% of the samples contained quantifiable amounts of PBO.
In East Germany the geometric mean of the PBO content (0.21 mg/kg) was significantly higher than in West Germany (0.07 mg/kg), but no difference for permethrin was found.
Significant associations could be shown for the permethrin content and the application of biocides as well as for the PBO content and regional factors (size of community, type of dwelling area).
Samples collected in 1985/86 (West Germany) showed a geometric mean for permethrin of 0.06 mg/kg and for PBO of 0.07 mg/kg. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Pyréthrinoïde, Pesticide, Poussière maison, Piperonyl butoxide, Pollution air, Pollution intérieur, Logement habitation, Analyse chimique, Contrôle, Enquête, Santé et environnement, Allemagne(république fédérale), Allemagne, Europe, Allemagne(république démocratique)
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Pyrethroids, Pesticides, House dust, Piperonyl butoxide, Air pollution, Indoor pollution, Housing, Chemical analysis, Check, Survey, Health and environment, West Germany, Germany, Europe, East Germany
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0152140
Code Inist : 002B30A02A. Création : 21/07/1998.