Sozialpsychiatrische Aspekte der Alkoholkrankheit : Epidemiologie, Versorgungsstrukturen und neuere Ergebnisse der Therapieforschung.
Traduction en anglais : Social aspects of alcoholism : Epidemiology, treatment facilities and new results of treatment research.
In Germany the per capita consumption of alcohol has tripled since World War II with a slight decrease in recent years.
The number of alcoholics has been estimated between 2.5 mill. and 10 mill.
Epidemiological studies suggest a 6-month prevalence rate of 3.1% (USA 2.9%) : 10.4% in males. 0.8% in females ; Life-time prevalence estimates range up to 13%. More recent findings also suggest that alcoholism in adolescents is an increasing problem.
The resources for treatment of alcoholism are limited : Only 1% of all alcoholics are treated in special addiction rehabilitation programmes, whereas the majority of patients are treated by their physician, in a general hospital or not at all.
Approximately 30,000 patients are treated in special clinical rehabilitation programmes per year.
Socioeconomic consequences of alcoholism have not been evaluated in detail ; some cast models are discussed.
In recent years both day-hospital and outpatient rehabilitation programmes for alcoholics have been established but few catamnestic studies have been conducted so far.
The possible benefit of new antidipsotropic agents (so - called anti-craving drugs) must also be examined in greater detail.
Catamnestic findings and the outcome of treatment studies are discussed.
Mots-clés Pascal : Alcoolisme, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Allemagne, Europe, Homme, Chimiothérapie, Traitement, Psychothérapie, Réhabilitation, Impact socioéconomique, Psychiatrie sociale, Organisation santé, Service santé, Système santé
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Alcoholism, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Germany, Europe, Human, Chemotherapy, Treatment, Psychotherapy, Rehabilitation, Socioeconomical impact, Social psychiatry, Public health organization, Health service, Health system
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0152139
Code Inist : 002B18C05B. Création : 21/07/1998.