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  1. Sozialpsychiatrische Aspekte der Alkoholkrankheit : Epidemiologie, Versorgungsstrukturen und neuere Ergebnisse der Therapieforschung.

    Article - En allemand

    Traduction en anglais : Social aspects of alcoholism : Epidemiology, treatment facilities and new results of treatment research.

    In Germany the per capita consumption of alcohol has tripled since World War II with a slight decrease in recent years.

    The number of alcoholics has been estimated between 2.5 mill. and 10 mill.

    Epidemiological studies suggest a 6-month prevalence rate of 3.1% (USA 2.9%) : 10.4% in males. 0.8% in females ; Life-time prevalence estimates range up to 13%. More recent findings also suggest that alcoholism in adolescents is an increasing problem.

    The resources for treatment of alcoholism are limited : Only 1% of all alcoholics are treated in special addiction rehabilitation programmes, whereas the majority of patients are treated by their physician, in a general hospital or not at all.

    Approximately 30,000 patients are treated in special clinical rehabilitation programmes per year.

    Socioeconomic consequences of alcoholism have not been evaluated in detail ; some cast models are discussed.

    In recent years both day-hospital and outpatient rehabilitation programmes for alcoholics have been established but few catamnestic studies have been conducted so far.

    The possible benefit of new antidipsotropic agents (so - called anti-craving drugs) must also be examined in greater detail.

    Catamnestic findings and the outcome of treatment studies are discussed.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Alcoolisme, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Allemagne, Europe, Homme, Chimiothérapie, Traitement, Psychothérapie, Réhabilitation, Impact socioéconomique, Psychiatrie sociale, Organisation santé, Service santé, Système santé

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Alcoholism, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Germany, Europe, Human, Chemotherapy, Treatment, Psychotherapy, Rehabilitation, Socioeconomical impact, Social psychiatry, Public health organization, Health service, Health system

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0152139

    Code Inist : 002B18C05B. Création : 21/07/1998.