Zur Bedeutung von Sozialmedizin in der vertragsärztlichen Praxis.
Traduction en anglais : The significance of socio-medicine in statutory health insurance medical practice.
In the German statutory social security system, the necessity of long-term care for chronically ill persons with multi-morbidity and reduced performance has made the socio-medical management of illness and its consequences an important characteristic of primary medical activity.
In routine practice a discrepancy between the practical demands and social-medical insights has often been observed.
With this in mind, the aim of our pilot study was to systematically collect data on the state of the art and attitudes towards the relevant spheres of work in a defined group of physicians and analyse this data.
The study was carried out in the form of a voluntary questionnaire within the medical association (Arztlicher Kreisverband - AKV) in the area of Erlangen-Höchstadt.
The database was a computer-processible, anonymous questionnaire with which first of all general socio-demographic and activity-related data was collected.
The following 10 questions included, in addition to an estimation of the participants'own socio-medical knowledge, questions on the general status of socio-medical knowledge and how the individual gained this knowledge and the importance of socio-medical themes in routine practice.
The data was evaluated using descriptive statistics in the form of exploratory data analysis.
Of the 320 physicians registered at the time of the investigation (4/96), 89 (31 female doctors, 58 male doctors) sent back a questionnaire that proved useful (returns : approx. 28%). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Enquête, Médecin, Personnel sanitaire, Homme, Connaissance, Médecine sociale, Soin santé primaire, Attitude, Besoin, Formation professionnelle, Pratique professionnelle, Aspect social, Allemagne, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Survey, Physician, Health staff, Human, Knowledge, Social medicine, Primary health care, Attitude, Need, Occupational training, Professional practice, Social aspect, Germany, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0152138
Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 21/07/1998.