This study examined trends in safety belt use by age, sex, race/ethnicity education, and type of safety belt law.
We analyzed Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data on safety belt use from 33 states for 1987 through 1993 and used linear regression models to detennine trends m prevalence.
Asian/Pacific Islanders and Hispanics had the highest safety belt use among racial/ethnic groups.
Prevalence varied little from age 25 through 64 years in all years, but averaged 25 percentage points higher in states with primary laws than in states with no belt laws.
Overall safety belt use increased by an average of 2.7 ± 0.1 percentage points per year and varied little across most demographic groups, but there was no significant increase for Black males aged 18 through 29 years.
The generally consistent increase in safety belt use across demographic groups is in sharp contrast to trends in other health-risk behaviors.
States should enact primary safety belt laws and focus safety belt use efforts towards young Black males.
Mots-clés Pascal : Accident circulation, Prévention, Ceinture sécurité, Conduite véhicule, Utilisation, Sexe, Age, Ethnie, Législation, Niveau étude, Evolution, Tendance, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Etude comparative, Etude multicentrique, Enquête, Téléphone
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Traffic accident, Prevention, Safety belt, Vehicle driving, Use, Sex, Age, Ethnic group, Legislation, Education level, Evolution, Trend, Human, United States, North America, America, Comparative study, Multicenter study, Survey, Telephone
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0150603
Code Inist : 002B30A03A. Création : 21/07/1998.