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  1. Five years of prospective surveillance of nosocomial infections in a Saudi Arabian general Hospital.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    To determine the incidence of nosocomial infection by service and site and the distribution of pathogens involved during a five year period.

    Setting 

    Hospital - wide, Intensive Care Unit and Bums Unit of Qatif Central Hospital.

    Subject 

    Patients with proven nosocomial infections.

    Methods 

    Analysis of patient's data collected by active surveillance using a combination of case finding methods.

    Results 

    The overall rate of nosocomial infection was 2.2%. According to the hospital services the rates of nosocomial infection ranged from 0.8% to 28%. The highest rates were seen in the Burns Unit (28%) and Intensive Care Unit (24%) ; the major sites of nosocomial infections were, urinary tract (29%), post operative wound infection (24%), respiratory tract infection (18%) and blood-stream infection (11%). Pseudomonas spp. was the most frequently isolated nosocomial pathogen (18.9%), followed by S. aureus, (16.5%) Kiebsiella spp. (13.5%). E coli (9%), Candida spp. (5.5%), Coagulase negative staphylococci (5.3%) and Enterococci (5.5%). Nosocomial infection is a problem in Burns Units and in high dependency areas.

    In Saudi Arabia, like other countries, prospective active surveillance and dissemination of information to health care staff may identify areas where infection control prevention effort should be focused.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Infection nosocomiale, Epidémiologie, Arabie Saoudite, Asie, Hôpital, Homme, Localisation, Organisme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Nosocomial infection, Epidemiology, Saudi Arabia, Asia, Hospital, Human, Localization, Organism

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0150329

    Code Inist : 002B05A02. Création : 21/07/1998.