The association between use of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) has been assessed in relatively few epidemiological studies.
Evidence from the earliest studies did not support an increased risk of VTE among HRT users.
However, methodological limitations in most studies, including small sample size and inadequate control of confounding, did not allow firm conclusions to be made.
Most of these limitations have been overcome in 5 recent studies which consistently show that the risk of VTE among women currently using HRT is 2 to 3 times higher than among women not using HRT.
The overall relative risk of VTE for women currently using HRT obtained from these studies was 2.6 (95% confidence interval 1.6 to 4.2).
This association is unlikely to be explained by confounding or other potential biases affecting observational studies.
The risk appears to be more prominent during the first year of HRT use, and in 2 studies the risk disappeared after the first year of therapy.
A dose-response relationship, with a doubling of risk among users of high doses of estrogens, was shown in 2 of these studies.
No major differences were observed with the different types of therapy, but users of unopposed estrogen therapy and transdermal therapy might be at lower risk than users of opposed regimens and oral preparations. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Oestrogène, Traitement substitutif, Epidémiologie, Thromboembolie, Facteur risque, Femelle, Relation dose réponse, Postménopause, Toxicité, Article synthèse, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Vaisseau sanguin pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Estrogen, Replacement therapy, Epidemiology, Thromboembolism, Risk factor, Female, Dose activity relation, Postmenopause, Toxicity, Review, Cardiovascular disease, Vascular disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0149255
Code Inist : 002B02U03. Création : 21/07/1998.