To investigate general practitioners'drug prescribing patterns for children (0-12y), an observational, cross-sectional study was conducted in Western Norway.
Seven thousand, two hundred and twenty-nine GP-patient contacts during which 5222 drugs were prescribed, were included for analysis.
The highest prescribing rates were for boys<2 y (82.1 prescriptions per 100 contacts).
Two-thirds of all prescriptions were for drugs in main groups respiratory system or systemic anti-infectives.
The 20 most commonly prescribed agents comprised 75% of all prescriptions.
The 20 most frequently recorded diagnoses for prescribing comprised 81% of all.
Phenoxymethylpenicillin was the most frequently prescribed antibiotic for otitis, tonsillitis and sinusitis, while erythromycin was used most often for bronchitis and pneumonia.
Antibiotics were prescribed in more than 8/10 contacts for tonsillitis, sinusitis, acute bronchitis and pneumonia, and in two-thirds of all contacts for urinary tract infections.
Sixty-five percent of the antibiotic prescriptions for urinary tract infections were for co-trimoxazole.
Mots-clés Pascal : Prescription médicale, Médicament, Médecin généraliste, Norvège, Europe, Pratique professionnelle, Antibiotique, Enfant, Homme, Diagnostic, Nourrisson, Enquête, Etude statistique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Medical prescription, Drug, General practitioner, Norway, Europe, Professional practice, Antibiotic, Child, Human, Diagnosis, Infant, Survey, Statistical study
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0148522
Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 21/07/1998.