Seventy-eight families (506 members) of recently immigrating Ethiopian Jews to Israel, were tested for the presence of HBV serological markers to evaluate the intrafamilial horizontal transmission of the virus.
Eighty-four members (16.6%) were carriers and 20.2% were HBeAg positive, the overall infection rate was 67.8%. In 40 families (51.3%) at least one family member was HBsAG positive, and in 19 families (24.4%) two or more family members were HBsAg positive.
Thirty-six carriers (42.8%) were children under the age of 1 (), by one year of age 3 ()% have contracted the virus, and by the age of 5 and 10 years 43.5% and 57.1% have had serological markers for past HBV infection, respectively.
Our data correlate with other studies regarding the importance of horizontal spread of HBV among Sub-Saharan Africans.
Mots-clés Pascal : Hépatite virale B, Virose, Infection, Epidémiologie, Etude familiale, Homme, Immigrant, Juif, Israël, Asie, Sérologie, Transmission homme homme, Ethnie, Appareil digestif pathologie, Foie pathologie, Ethiopien
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Viral hepatitis B, Viral disease, Infection, Epidemiology, Family study, Human, Immigrant, Jew, Israel, Asia, Serology, Transmission from man to man, Ethnic group, Digestive diseases, Hepatic disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0147787
Code Inist : 002B05C02G. Création : 21/07/1998.