A dosimetric determination of 137Cs ingestion from global fallout and the related risks to Japanese.
137Cs released from atmospheric nuclear detonation tests has been transported worldwide in the environment and finally taken up by humans through various pathways.
In particular, ingestion pathways are important for evaluating the human health risks caused by the chronic global low-level radioactive contamination.
In this research, the mathematical model for the evaluation of the dietary intake of 137Cs and the related risks to Japanese are proposed by coupling the previously published global 137Cs distribution model with the regional models such as various food ingestion models and the model of the domestic and international supply.
Predictions from the proposed model were compared with the monitoring data of 137Cs in Japanese total diet as an attempt at validation.
The major findings obtained in this research include that the proposed model is promising for evaluating tbe risk to Japanese health caused by the dietary intake of global radioactive fallout 137Cs, the 137Cs is taken up by Japanese mostly through farm products, the ingestion of 137Cs through imported foods is increasing, the risk to the Japanese health of inducing cancer by 137Cs internal exposure reached a maximum in 1963, gradually decreasing to the lowest present level, and the risk to infants is the highest.
Mots-clés Pascal : Radiocontamination, Japon, Asie, Ingestion, Dosimétrie, Retombée radioactive, Effet biologique, Césium, Modèle mathématique, Essai nucléaire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Radioactive contamination, Japan, Asia, Ingestion, Dosimetry, Radioactive fall out, Biological effect, Cesium, Mathematical model
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0144839
Code Inist : 002A08F05. Création : 21/07/1998.