The prevalence of varicose veins (VV) in the elderly population of the Campania Region, in Southern Italy, was estimated.
A random sample of the people aged more than 65 years was drawn by means of a stratified multistage sampling design warranting that observed percentages were direct estimates of population percentages.
The investigation covered 1319 subjects, 560 (42.5%) men and 759 (57.5%) women, their ages ranging from 66 to 96 years with an average value of 74.2 years, who were interviewed and visited by trained physicians.
VV were defined as any reticular or truncal visible varicosities of the lower limbs, and investigated symptoms were heaviness, pain, nightly cramps, edema, eczema, hyperpigmentation, and ulceration.
Some variables were studied as risk factors : age, sex, lifetime occupation, smoking, alcohol, hypertension, diabetes, and obesity ; previous treatment and use of elastic stockings were also studied.
Statistical associations were evaluated by Chi-square test, a two-tailed P value of 0.05 being assumed as significance level.
In total, 391 (29.6%) subjects were reported to be affected by W, but the clinical examination was positive in only 362 (27.4%) with a good correspondence between answers and clinical findings.
Prevalence was greatly affected by sex, the percentage being two times higher in women (35.2%) than in men (17%). VV developed after a pregnancy in 40.5% of women. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Varice, Prévalence, Vieillard, Homme, Italien, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Vaisseau sanguin pathologie, Veine pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Varix, Prevalence, Elderly, Human, Italian, Cardiovascular disease, Vascular disease, Venous disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0144294
Code Inist : 002B12B03. Création : 21/07/1998.