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  1. Violence against women during the Liberian civil conflict.

    Article - En anglais

    Context. - Civilians were often the casualties of fighting during the recent Liberian civil conflict.

    Liberian health care workers played a crucial role in documenting violence against women by soliders and fighters during the war.

    Objective

    - To document women's experiences of violence, including rape and sexual coercion, from a soldier or fighter during 5 years of the Liberian civil war from 1989 through 1994.

    Design

    - Interview and survey.

    Setting

    - High schools, markets, displaced persons camps, and urban communities in Monrovia, Liberia, in 1994.

    Participants

    - A random sample of 205 women and girls between the ages of 1 5 and 70 years (88% participation rate).

    Results

    - One hundred (49%) of 205 participants reported experiencing at least 1 act of physical or sexual violence by a soldier or fighter.

    Survey participants reported being beaten, tied up, or detained in a room under armed guard (1 7%) ; stripsearched 1 or more times (32%) ; and raped, subjected to attempted rape, or sexually coerced (15%). Women who were accused of belonging to a particular ethnic group or fighting faction or who were forced to cook for a soldier or fighter were at increased risk for physical and sexual violence.

    Of the 106 women and girls accused of belonging to an ethnic group or faction, 65 (61%) reported that they were beaten, locked up, strip-searched, or subjected to attempted rape, compared with 27 (27%) of the 99 women who were not accused (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Violence, Dépistage, Enquête publique, Conflit, Guerre, Documentation médicale, Abus sexuel, Viol, Libéria, Afrique, Femelle, Homme, Système nerveux pathologie, Psychopathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Violence, Medical screening, Public inquiry, Conflict, War, Medical documentation, Sexual abuse, Rape, Liberia, Africa, Female, Human, Nervous system diseases, Psychopathology

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0143891

    Code Inist : 002B18F01. Création : 21/07/1998.