The epidemiology and definition of osteoporosis.
Osteoporosis is operationally defined in terms of bone mineral mass or apparent density and is an accurate predictor of fracture risk.
The clinical significance of osteoporosis lies in the fractures that arise.
Common sites of fracture include the forearm, spine and hip.
Of these, the greatest morbidity, mortality and costs are accounted for by hip fracture.
In many countries the size of the problem is increasing due in part to the increasing age and sex specific incidences.
Also, fracture risk differs markedly between countries and in the case of hip fracture the risk varies by more than 10-fold.
The reasons for the differences are not known but differences in physical activity is a plausible hypothesis.
Mots-clés Pascal : Ostéoporose, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Col fémoral, Grande Bretagne, Royaume Uni, Europe, Femelle, Homme, Etude comparative, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Ostéopathie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Osteoporosis, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Femoral neck, Great Britain, United Kingdom, Europe, Female, Human, Comparative study, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Bone disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0143602
Code Inist : 002B15A. Création : 21/07/1998.