The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of cognitive impairment, depressive symptoms and factors associated with depressive symptoms.
A total of 288 patients older than 65 years admitted to the general hospital during one of three periods throughout the year were interviewed.
The Minimental State examination (MMSE) and the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) were the evaluation techniques used.
Prevalences for cognitive impairment (MMSE<23) and depressive symptoms (GDS>14) were 26% and 20% respectively.
Women scored higher than men in the GDS and lower in the Minimental.
There was more cognitive impairment but no increase in depressive symptoms in older patients in both groups.
GDS scores correlated with the female sex and patients having a psychiatric background.
Our results were in contrast with those reported in other studies.
Mots-clés Pascal : Etat dépressif, Etude comparative, Trouble cognition, Détérioration intellectuelle, Prévalence, Admission hôpital, Hôpital général, Espagne, Europe, Santé mentale, Vieillard, Homme, Trouble humeur
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Depression, Comparative study, Cognitive disorder, Intellectual deterioration, Prevalence, Hospital admission, General hospital, Spain, Europe, Mental health, Elderly, Human, Mood disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0143399
Code Inist : 002B18E. Création : 21/07/1998.