Since the prevalence of adult obesity is increasing in the United States, we examined the effect of changing common habits (exercise, TV viewing, smoking and eating habits) on four year change in body weight.
A prospective cohort study of US male health professionals with follow-up from 1988-1992.
Participants were 19478 men aged 40-75 in 1986, who were free of cancer, coronary heart disease, stroke and diabetes.
Multiple regression was used to determine the association between four year change in body weight (from 1988-1992) and common habits, after adjusting for baseline age, hypertension and hypercholesterolemia.
For middle aged men, vigorous activity was associated with weight reduction and TV/VCR viewing and eating between meals with weight gain.
Quitting smoking and a history of voluntary weight loss prior to the study period were consistently related to weight increase.
Recently being on a diet was more strongly associated with weight loss among older men.
Over the four year follow-up period, middle-aged men who increased their exercise, decreased TV viewing and stopped eating between meals, lost an average weight of - 1.4 kg (95% confidence interval (CI) - 1.6 - - 1.1kg), compared to a weight gain of 1.4kg among the overall population. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Perte poids, Prise poids, Facteur prédictif, Etude longitudinale, Epidémiologie, Exercice physique, Télévision, Tabagisme, Régime alimentaire, Habitude alimentaire, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Adulte, Homme, Mâle
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Weight loss, Weight gain, Predictive factor, Follow up study, Epidemiology, Physical exercise, Television, Tobacco smoking, Diet, Food habit, United States, North America, America, Adult, Human, Male
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0142096
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 21/07/1998.