Variation in hospital use and avoidable patient morbitity.
To determine whether geographical areas with relatively low overall hospitalization rates have higher population-based rates of admission of patients with advanced stages of disease.
Age-and sex-standardized hospital admission rates were calculated for the residents of the 80 Local Health Units in Lombardia, Italy.
Using the Disease Staging classification, advanced stage admissions were identified for six common medical and surgical conditions, which it was presumed would reflect untimely hospital admission.
Standardized rates of advanced stage admissions were compared in areas with overall high hospitalization rates (high-use areas) and low hospitalization rates (low-use areas).
Hospitalization at advanced stages of disease in the low-use areas were significantly higher for the six conditions combined (55.9 vs 43.0 per 100 000 ; p=0.005), and for external hernia, appendicitis and uterine fibroma, but not for bacterial pneumonia, diverticular disease and peptic ulcer.
For the six study conditions combined, residents of overall low-use areas were 30% more likely to be admitted with advanced stages of disease.
Low overall hospitalization rates were found to be associated with greater severity of illness at hospitalization and potentially avoidable morbidity for some conditions.
Policies aimed at curbing unnecessary hospital admission should consider preserving access for appropriate treatment.
Mots-clés Pascal : Italie, Europe, Monde, Morbidité, Information, Santé, Hospitalisation, Hôpital, Soin, Europe Ouest, Aspect politique, Géographie, Indicateur, Mesure
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Italy, Europe, World, Morbidity, Information, Health, Hospitalization, Hospital, Care, Western Europe, Political aspect, Geography, Indicator, Measurement
Notice produite par :
ORS Auvergne - Observatoire Régional de la Santé d'Auvergne
Code Inist : 002B30A11. Création : 21/07/1998.