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  1. Socio-economic status and visits to physicians by adults in Ontario, Canada.

    Article - En anglais

    Objectives 

    To examine the association between socio-economic status, need for medical care and visits to physicians in a universal health insurance system.

    Methods 

    Cross-sectional analysis of the 1990 Ontario Health Survey, a population-based survey utilizing a multistage, randomized cluster sample.

    The analysis considered only those respondents who were 16 years of age or older from the province of Ontario, Canada : 21 272 males and 24 738 females.

    Results 

    There was no difference by education or income in persons having made at least one visit to a general practitioner in the previous year.

    High income persons were less likely to have made six or more visits to a general practitioner - odds ratio (OR)=0,67,95% CI=0,52,0,87 for men ; OR=0,66,95% CI=0,58,0,75 for women - but more likely to have made at least one visit to a specialist - OR=1,42,95% CI=1,15,1,76 for men ; OR=1,25,95% CI=1,07,1,45 for women.

    A person's need for medical care was the most important determinant of a physician visit.

    Conclusions 

    Self-reported visits to general practitioners in Canada are strongly influenced by a person's need for medical care and are appropriately related to socio-economic status.

    However, there is a residual association between higher socio-economic levels and greater use of specialist services.

    (résumé d'auteur).

    Mots-clés Pascal : Consommation, Soin, Economie, Médecin généraliste, Médecin, Personnel sanitaire, Travailleur social, Information, Santé, Canada, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Monde, Statut socioéconomique, Méthodologie, Epidémiologie, Variable, Economie santé, Besoin, Aspect politique, Géographie, Morbidité, Etat sanitaire, Mesure

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Consumption, Care, Economy, General practitioner, Physician, Health staff, Social worker, Information, Health, Canada, North America, America, World, Socioeconomic status, Methodology, Epidemiology, Variable, Health economy, Need, Political aspect, Geography, Morbidity, Health status, Measurement

    Notice produite par :
    ORS Auvergne - Observatoire Régional de la Santé d'Auvergne

    Code Inist : 002B30A11. Création : 21/07/1998.