A recent article by Little et al. (Am J Epidemiol 1994 ; 140 : 544-54) reported that infants in Seattle, Washington, who were breastfed by mothers who smoked gained more weight than either infants who were breastfed by mothers who did not smoke or infants who were bottle-fed by mothers who smoked.
In this study, the authors aimed to verify this result with the use of data from the Social Medical Survey of Children Attending Child Health Clinics (SMOCC) cohort, a nationally representative cohort of 2,151 children born in the Netherlands in 1988-1989.
During the first year of life, data on type of milk feeding, weight, length, and head circumference were collected at 1,2,3,6,9, and 12 months of age.
Infants of smokers who were mainly breastfed in the first 3 months of life (n=117) were compared with similarly breastfed infants of nonsmokers (n=572), with infants of smokers who had been mainly bottle-fed (n=270), and with infants of nonsmokers who had been mainly bottle-fed (n=535).
The authors failed to observe any additional increase in body mass, length, or head circumference in infants of breastfeeding smokers compared with infants of the three other groups. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Mère, Allaitement, Croissance, Poids corporel, Taille corporelle, Régime alimentaire, Exposition, Prénatal, Tabac, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Nourrisson, Homme, Pays Bas, Europe, Etude cohorte, Etude comparative, Alimentation, Toxicité
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Mother, Breast feeding, Growth, Body weight, Body size, Diet, Exposure, Prenatal, Tobacco, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Infant, Human, Netherlands, Europe, Cohort study, Comparative study, Feeding, Toxicity
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0129480
Code Inist : 002B03E. Création : 22/06/1998.