Objectives-To study risk of lung cancer among groups of professional drivers probably exposed to different levels of traffic exhaust fumes.
Methods-A nationwide case-control study (1970-89) based on employees comprising 28 744 men with primary lung cancer and incidence density sampled matched controls (1 : 1).
Employment histories were reconstructed back to 1964 for each study subject from the records of a nationwide pension scheme with compulsory membership.
Socioeconomic status was derived from the individual job title taken from the national population registry.
Information on tobacco smoking habits was available from historical surveys.
Relative risks were estimated by odds ratios (ORs) based on conditional logistic regression analyses.
In total 2251 of the male lung cancer cases had been employed as bus, lorry, taxi, or unspecified drivers.
No significant difference in tobacco smoking habits was found among professional male Danish drivers and the total employed population.
The OR for lung cancer adjusted for socioeconomic status was 1.6 (95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.2 to 2.2) among taxi drivers, who were considered to be exposed to the highest concentrations of vehicle exhaust fumes, and 1.3 (1.2 to 1.5) for bus and lorry drivers.
The OR was 1.4 (1.3 to 1.5) for unspecified drivers. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Facteur risque, Homme, Conducteur véhicule, Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Tumeur maligne, Bronchopulmonaire, Danemark, Europe, Epidémiologie, Gaz échappement, Toxicité, Carcinogène, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Poumon pathologie, Bronche pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Risk factor, Human, Vehicle driver, Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Malignant tumor, Bronchopulmonary, Denmark, Europe, Epidemiology, Exhaust gas, Toxicity, Carcinogen, Respiratory disease, Lung disease, Bronchus disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0128196
Code Inist : 002B11A. Création : 22/06/1998.