This study compares the clientele of a Swiss anonymous test centre with the general population tested.
Information was obtained through similar questionnaires submitted to two samples of HIV-tested people aged from 17 to 45 years : the first administered in the context of a general population telephone survey (n=245) and the second completed during face-to-face interviews of the clientele of an anonymous test centre (n=250).
The test centre sample has higher proportions of younger and single people.
Attenders for anonymous testing were more likely to have acquired a new regular partner during the year preceding the interview (48.0% versus 14.4%). These differences remain when controlling for age and gender.
Decision to test comes mostly from the respondent's own initiative, but suggestion from a doctor is more frequent in the general population (23.8% versus 0.8%), whereas suggestion from partner or friends is more frequent in the anonymous centre (44. 4% versus 3.0%). The anonymous test centre clientele is not different from the general population tested except for the relational situation and origin of decision for testing.
The test centre has become a place where the general population finds a response to a situation-specific need for HIV testing.
Mots-clés Pascal : Dépistage, Anonymat, SIDA, Virose, Infection, Asymptomatique, Prévention, Attitude, Adolescent, Homme, Adulte jeune, Adulte, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Medical screening, Anonymity, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Asymptomatic, Prevention, Attitude, Adolescent, Human, Young adult, Adult, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0126564
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 22/06/1998.