Winter mortality and cold stress in Yekaterinburg, Russia : interview survey.
To evaluate how mortality and protective measures against exposure to cold change as temperatures fall between October and March in a region of Russia with a mean winter temperature below - 6 °C. Design : Interview to assess factors associated with cold stress both indoors and outdoors, to measure temperatures in living room, and to survey unheated rooms.
Sverdlovsk Oblast (district), Yekaterinburg, Russia.
Residents aged 50-59 and 65-74 living within approximately 140 km of Yekaterinburg in Sverdlovsk Oblast Survey of sample of 1000 residents equally distributed by sex and age groups.
Main outcome measures
Regression analysis was used to relate data on indoor heating and temperatures, the amount of clothing worn, the amount of physical activity, and shivering while outside, to outdoor temperature ; results were compared with mortality patterns for ischaemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, respiratory disease, and mortality from all causes.
As mean daily temperatures fell to 0°C the amount of clothing worn outdoors increased, physical activity while outdoors became more continuous, and only 11 (6.6%) of the 167 people surveyed who went outdoors at temperatures above 0°C reported shivering.
The mean temperature in living rooms in the evening remained above 21.9°C. Mortality from ischaemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, respiratory disease, and all causes did not change. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Froid, Stress, Mortalité, Hiver, Russie, Eurasie, Enquête, Homme, Trouble dû au froid, Traumatisme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Cold, Stress, Mortality, Winter, Russia, Eurasia, Survey, Human, Cold induced disorder, Trauma
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0123969
Code Inist : 002B30A03A. Création : 22/06/1998.