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  1. Epidemiology of tension-type Headache.

    Article - En anglais

    Context. - Tension-type headache is a highly prevalent condition.

    Because few population-based studies have been performed, little is known about its epidemiology.

    Objectives

    - To estimate the 1-year period prevalence of episodic tension-type headache (ETTH) and chronic tension-type headache (CTTH) in a population-based study ; to describe differences in 1-year period prevalence by sex, age, education, and race ; and to describe attack frequency and headache pain intensity.

    Design

    - Telephone survey conducted 1993 to 1994.

    Setting

    - Baltimore County, Maryland.

    Participants

    - A total of 13 345 subjects from the community.

    Main Outcome Measures

    - Percentage of respondents with diagnoses of headache using International Headache Society criteria.

    Workdays lost and reduced effectiveness at work, home, and school because of headache, based on self-report.

    Results

    - The overall prevalence of ETTH in the past year was 38.3%. Women had a higher 1-year ETTH prevalence than men in all age, race, and education groups, with an overall prevalence ratio of 1.16.

    Prevalence peaked in the 30-to 39-year-old age group in both men (42.3%) and women (46.9%). Whites had a higher 1-year prevalence than African Americans in men (40.1% vs. 22.8%) and women (46.8% vs 30.9%). Prevalence increased with increasing educational levels in both sexes, reaching a peak in subjects with graduate school educations of 48.5% for men and 48.9% for women.

    The 1-year period prevalence of CTTH was 2. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Céphalée tension, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Enquête publique, Aspect social, Facteur prédictif, Homme, Système nerveux pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tension headache, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Public inquiry, Social aspect, Predictive factor, Human, Nervous system diseases

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0123798

    Code Inist : 002B17A03. Création : 22/06/1998.