Application of the ATC/DDD methodology to monitor antibiotic drug use.
In order to monitor the use of antibiotics, it is essential to have comprehensive data on drug consumption.
The findings of drug utilisation studies can serve to describe the pattern of drug use in a particular population, to detect areas of concern, and to evaluate the impact of interventions taken to influence the use of drugs.
In the present study, the Anatomical Therapeutical Chemical Classification/Defined Daily Doses (ATC/DDD) system developed by the World Health Organisation was evaluated.
The system measures the amount of drug used independent of package size and sales price, which allows comparisons not only within an institution but also within a region, a country, or even internationally.
Obviously, there can be no modifications of this system.
To illustrate the method, the pattern of quinolone use in the general population, in long-term care facilities, and within a single institution was analysed.
These drugs were widely used in long-term care facilities in the Nijmegen region of the Netherlands, accounting for about 30% of the antibiotics used in these settings, whereas in the general population as well as in the University Hospital Nijmegen, these drugs constitute only about 6% of the total antibiotics used. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Antibiotique, Utilisation, Traitement, Consommation, Programme scientifique, Epidémiologie, Méthodologie, OMS, Antibactérien, Surveillance sanitaire, Ciprofloxacine, Pays Bas, Europe, Maladie, Spécialité médicale, Homme, Fluoroquinolone dérivé, Quinolone dérivé
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Antibiotic, Use, Treatment, Consumption, Scientific program, Epidemiology, Methodology, WHO, Antibacterial agent, Sanitary surveillance, Ciprofloxacin, Netherlands, Europe, Disease, Medical specialty, Human, Fluoroquinolone derivatives, Quinolone derivatives
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0123471
Code Inist : 002B02S02. Création : 22/06/1998.