This paper presents findings on the prevalence of psychological disturbance among a sample of 5-to 8-year-old Indian school children.
The study was cross-sectional with a two-instrument, two-phase design.
In the first phase (screening), 48 teachers rated 1535 children (810 boys and 725 girls) drawn from five schools in Bangalore city on the 26-item Children's Behaviour Questionnaire (CBQ).
This resulted in 281 children being identified as disturbed, giving a prevalence of 18.3%. In the second phase, 279 of the children identified as disturbed on the CBQ and a matched group of 272'non-disturbed children' (182 boys and 90 girls) were again rated by teachers, this time using the Child Behaviour Checklist - Teacher Report Form, yielding a corrected prevalence rate of 19.8%. In the same phase, 166 of the disturbed children and a matched group of 169 non-disturbed children were rated by parents using the Child Behaviour Checklist, yielding a corrected prevalence rate of 31.7%. A larger proportion of boys than girls were identified as disturbed by teachers, whereas parents identified a large proportion of disturbed girls.
Boys were found to manifest externalizing problems more often, while girls more frequently showed internalizing problems.
Learning problems were identified in a substantial number of disturbed boys and girls.
Mots-clés Pascal : Trouble comportement, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Sexe, Inde, Asie, Trouble psychiatrique, Santé mentale, Enfant, Homme, Age préscolaire, Age scolaire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Behavioral disorder, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Sex, India, Asia, Mental disorder, Mental health, Child, Human, Preschool age, School age
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0121319
Code Inist : 002B18D10. Création : 22/06/1998.