A system to define and allocate health care resources on a territory to improve the life quality of the populations in developing countries.
In this paper the health resource allocation problem is discussed.
An object-oriented system is proposed and its implemented prototype is illustrated.
It consists of two parts : a Geographical Information System, which is able to acquire and store both geographical and social-epidemiological information (including the resource distribution on that territory), and a Decision Support System, able to decide, using optimization algorithms, the new resource allocation in order to obtain a quasi-optimal solution for the cost/benefit ratio minimization problem, after having fixed the goal (e.g., the decrease of the incidence of a given disease) and constraints (e.g., a fixed budget, a given set of available resources, etc.). The object-oriented database which is part of the system can simulate and store different scenarios, depending on the different goals and constraints defined in input, by means of a user friendly interface.
Mots-clés Pascal : Qualité vie, Allocation ressource, Orienté objet, Système information géographique, Système aide décision, Algorithme optimal, Gestion financière, Architecture système, Assistance ordinateur
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Quality of life, Resource allocation, Object oriented, Geographic information system, Decision support system, Optimal algorithm, Financial management, System architecture, Computer aid
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0117308
Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 22/06/1998.