This outline of the history of African neurosurgery explains the role that North Africa has played in the Middle Ages in the development of neurosurgery, the origins of the development of the latter in the twentieth century, and the delay that African neurosurgery still shows at the present time in the majority of African countries.
On the papyrus of the pharaonic era, we have found the description of some neurosurgical actions such as trephination and brain aspiration by a transsphenoidal approach used before mummification.
It is particularly trephination that summarizes the ancient history of African neurosurgery, as this was widely used in the whole continent, practiced and taught by healers in African tribes.
The technical concepts of this trephination are based, to a great extent, on the descriptions of Arab physicians of the Middle Ages.
It was at that time that several Arab physicians such as Avicenne, Rhazes, and Avenzhoer described many types of the nervous system diseases and the techniques to treat them.
But it was mainly Abulkassim Al Zahraoui (Abulkassis) who was the pioneer of neurosurgery as he devoted a volume of his treatise (made up of 30 volumes) to neurosurgery ; a precise description of many aspects of neurosurgical pathology, its treatment, instruments, and neurosurgical techniques. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Afrique, Chirurgie, Système nerveux, Trépanation, Colonisation, Historique, Homme, Technique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Africa, Surgery, Nervous system, Trephination, Colonization, Case history, Human, Technique
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0114807
Code Inist : 002B17I. Création : 22/06/1998.