It is well established that physicians can have a significant effect on the smoking behavior of their patients.
To do this. attention must be paid to putting in place multiple strategies or mechanisms in the organization where the physician practices, as well as in the macroenvironment (i.e., social and public policy).
It has been questioned whether or not there is stagnation in the field of clinical smoking intervention requiring a rededication to basic research regarding smoking.
With respect to physician-based smoking intervention, we alternatively suggest that recommitment to all phases of research is essential for moving forward physician-based smoking interventions in the rapidly changing health services and social environment.
In this article, we first review the essential framework of the National Cancer Institute's research science approach to cancer prevention and control.
Evidence concerning physician-based interventions is then reviewed, followed by a schematic of a comprehensive framework for thinking about the process and intervention components needed for physician-based smoking intervention to take place in the health-care setting, the impact they have, and the eventual outcome of such interventions.
There is a discussion of the challenges for the delivery of smoking-cessation services presented by the rapidly changing healthy delivery system of the 1990s. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Sevrage toxique, Traitement, Médecin, Pratique professionnelle, Programme thérapeutique, Organisation santé, Service santé, Offre, Soin, Personnel sanitaire, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Poison withdrawal, Treatment, Physician, Professional practice, Therapeutic schedule, Public health organization, Health service, Offer, Care, Health staff, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0113248
Code Inist : 002B03E. Création : 22/06/1998.