In a recent 37-nation survey of 2903 geneticists and genetic counselors, 29% would perform prenatal diagnosis (PND) for a couple with four girls who want a boy and would abort a female fetus.
An additional 20% would offer a referral.
The percentage who would perform PND in the United States (34%) was exceeded only by Israel (68%), Cuba (62%), Peru (39%). and Mexico (38%). In all. 47% had had requests for sex selection.
There appears to be a trend toward honoring such requests since a similar survey in 1985.
This paper discusses reasons for this trend and the ethical dilemmas of refusing patient requests in societies where individual autonomy is stressed.
Mots-clés Pascal : Diagnostic, Prénatal, Sélection, Sexe, Enfant, Homme, Avortement provoqué, Attitude, Médecin, Personnel sanitaire, Ethique, Impact social, Enquête, Pays en développement, Pays industrialisé, Génétique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Diagnosis, Prenatal, Selection, Sex, Child, Human, Induced abortion, Attitude, Physician, Health staff, Ethics, Social impact, Survey, Developing countries, Industrialized country, Genetics
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0112094
Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 22/06/1998.