To examine prevalence and correlates of trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and diagnosis in older adolescents aged 16 through 22 years.
The second cycle of a longitudinal epidemiological study in the Southeast included a semistructured interview assessing PTSD symptomatology administered to 490 adolescents.
Approximately 3% of female subjects and 1% of male subjects satisfied the DSM-IV criteria for PTSD.
Females reported more traumatic events than males, and black subjects reported more events than white subjects.
Being female (odds ratio=12.32), experiencing rape or child sexual abuse (odds ratio=49.37), and witnessing an accident or medical emergency (odds ratio=85.02) were associated with increased risk of PTSD.
Concluslons : While relatively few adolescents satisfy the criteria for PTSD, most subjects who experienced a traumatic event reported some PTSD symptoms.
Specific types of traumatic events were associated with occurrence of PTSD.
Dr. Cuff is with the Department of Neuropsychiatry and Behavioral Science, University of South Carolina and the William S. Hall Psychiatric Institute, South Carolina Department of Mental Health, Columbia.
Dr. Addy, Dr.
WaIler Mr Jackson, Dr.
McKeown, and Ms.
Chilappagari are with the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of South Carolina, Columbia.
Dr Garrison is Provost, University of Louisville.
Mots-clés Pascal : Posttraumatisme syndrome, Stress, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Sexe, Facteur risque, Etude longitudinale, Adolescent, Homme, Adulte jeune, Trouble anxieux
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Posttraumatic syndrome, Stress, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Sex, Risk factor, Follow up study, Adolescent, Human, Young adult, Anxiety disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0108242
Code Inist : 002B18C08D. Création : 22/06/1998.