Prevalence of mental disorders and psychosocial impairments in adolescents and young adults.
As part of a longitudinal study, prevalence findings of DSM-IV disorders are presented for a random sample of 3021 respondents aged 14 to 24, with response rate 71%. Method.
Assessment included various subtypes of disorders, subthreshold conditions and disorders that have only rarely been studied in other epidemiological surveys.
The computer-assisted Munich-Composite International Diagnostic Interview (M-CIDI) was used to derive DSM-IV diagnoses.
Substance disorders were the most frequent (lifetime 17.7% ; 12-month 11.4%), with abuse being considerably more frequent than dependence.
Other mental disorders had a lifetime prevalence of 27.5% (12-month, 17.5%) with depressive disorders (16.8%) being more frequent than anxiety disorders (14.4%). Eating disorders (3.0%) and threshold somatoform disorders (1.2%) were rare disorders.
Subthreshold anxiety and somatoform disorders, however, were more frequent than threshold disorders.
Prevalence of disorders was equally high for males and females, although specific disorder prevalence varied significantly by gender.
The co-occurrence of disorders (co-morbidity) was substantial and was significantly related to greater reductions in work productivity and increased rates of professional helpseeking behaviour.
Findings underline that mental disorders in young adults are frequent and impairing, limiting work and education ability and social interaction. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Prévalence, Trouble psychiatrique, Epidémiologie, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual IV, Sexe, Association morbide, Aptitude professionnelle, Recherche aide, Handicap, Allemagne, Europe, Adolescent, Homme, Adulte jeune
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Prevalence, Mental disorder, Epidemiology, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual IV, Sex, Concomitant disease, Vocational aptitude, Help seeking, Handicap, Germany, Europe, Adolescent, Human, Young adult
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0103543
Code Inist : 002B18C10. Création : 22/06/1998.