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  1. The syndromic classification of the International League Against Epilepsy : A hospital-based study from South India.

    Article - En anglais

    Purpose 

    To determine the distribution of various epilepsies and epileptic syndromes in the epileptic population treated in a university hospital in a developing country.

    Methods 

    Data concerning 2,531 patients with epilepsy seen between January 1989 and June 1994 were analyzed using the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) classification.

    Results 

    Of 2,531 cases, 48% fell into ILAE categories 1.3,3.2, or 4.1 (cryptogenic, without unequivocal generalized or focal seizures : or situation-related seizures, respectively).

    Localization-related epilepsies (LREs) and epileptic syndromes (1.1,1.2,1.3) were found in 1,591 (62.9%) patients ; of these patients, symptomatic localization-related epilepsies totaled 62.7%, and idiopathic localization-related epilepsies accounted for only 0.7%. Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy was the most common type of idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE), comprising 4.9% of the total study population and 7.7% of patients registered in the epilepsy clinic.

    A combination of childhood and juvenile absence epilepsies were found in only 0.4% of the total study population.

    Single computed tomography (CT) enhancing lesion (SCTEL) and focal cerebral calcification (FCC) accounted for 22% of the etiologic factors for localization-related epilepsies.

    Neurologic deficits were found in 9.5% of patients with SCTEL ; none were found with FCC.

    None of the patients with these lesions had any history of antecedent events that suggested CNS involvement. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Epilepsie, Localisé, Type, Syndrome, Distribution, Inde, Asie, Pays en développement, Tomodensitométrie, Calcification, Fréquence, Epidémiologie, Etiologie, Homme, Système nerveux pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Encéphale pathologie, Radiodiagnostic, Imagerie médicale

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Epilepsy, Localized, Type, Syndrome, Distribution, India, Asia, Developing countries, Computerized axial tomography, Calcification, Frequency, Epidemiology, Etiology, Human, Nervous system diseases, Central nervous system disease, Cerebral disorder, Radiodiagnosis, Medical imagery

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0103067

    Code Inist : 002B17A03. Création : 22/06/1998.