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  1. The syndromic classification of the International League Against Epilepsy : A hospital-based study from South India.

    Article - En anglais


    To determine the distribution of various epilepsies and epileptic syndromes in the epileptic population treated in a university hospital in a developing country.


    Data concerning 2,531 patients with epilepsy seen between January 1989 and June 1994 were analyzed using the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) classification.


    Of 2,531 cases, 48% fell into ILAE categories 1.3,3.2, or 4.1 (cryptogenic, without unequivocal generalized or focal seizures : or situation-related seizures, respectively).

    Localization-related epilepsies (LREs) and epileptic syndromes (1.1,1.2,1.3) were found in 1,591 (62.9%) patients ; of these patients, symptomatic localization-related epilepsies totaled 62.7%, and idiopathic localization-related epilepsies accounted for only 0.7%. Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy was the most common type of idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE), comprising 4.9% of the total study population and 7.7% of patients registered in the epilepsy clinic.

    A combination of childhood and juvenile absence epilepsies were found in only 0.4% of the total study population.

    Single computed tomography (CT) enhancing lesion (SCTEL) and focal cerebral calcification (FCC) accounted for 22% of the etiologic factors for localization-related epilepsies.

    Neurologic deficits were found in 9.5% of patients with SCTEL ; none were found with FCC.

    None of the patients with these lesions had any history of antecedent events that suggested CNS involvement. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Epilepsie, Localisé, Type, Syndrome, Distribution, Inde, Asie, Pays en développement, Tomodensitométrie, Calcification, Fréquence, Epidémiologie, Etiologie, Homme, Système nerveux pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Encéphale pathologie, Radiodiagnostic, Imagerie médicale

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Epilepsy, Localized, Type, Syndrome, Distribution, India, Asia, Developing countries, Computerized axial tomography, Calcification, Frequency, Epidemiology, Etiology, Human, Nervous system diseases, Central nervous system disease, Cerebral disorder, Radiodiagnosis, Medical imagery

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0103067

    Code Inist : 002B17A03. Création : 22/06/1998.