To study the mortality of women in an occupation known to have a high mortality among men.
Methods-A total of 6788 female seafarers of all job categories who had been employed on Danish merchant ships, passenger ships, and privately owned ferries between 1986 and 1993, were followed up until the end of 1993.
Standardised mortality ratio (SMR) was 1.20 (95% confidence interval (95% CI) 0.89 to 1.58) for all causes of death and job categories together.
For women in traditionally male jobs, SMR was 2.82 (1.41-5.05), whereas galley and catering staff had SMRs close to the general female population.
The high mortality among women in traditional male jobs could be explained by a high risk of fatal accidents including occupational accidents.
In the whole cohort, there were fewer deaths from natural causes than expected but an excess risk of death due to lung cancer, heart diseases, and non-natural deaths.
Conclusion-The increased mortality could primarily be explained by an excess risk of fatal accidents and suicide.
Especially, female seafarers entering traditional male jobs had a high risk of fatal accidents, not only at sea but also ashore.
An excess risk of dying of lung cancer and heart diseases probably reflects a high tobacco consumption. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Navigation maritime, Transport maritime, Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Femme, Homme, Femelle, Epidémiologie, Mortalité, Danemark, Europe, Accident travail, Mode de vie, Marin
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Sea navigation, Maritime transportation, Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Woman, Human, Female, Epidemiology, Mortality, Denmark, Europe, Occupational accident, Life habit, Sailor
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0102177
Code Inist : 002B30B04. Création : 22/06/1998.