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  1. Psychological sequelae of torture and organised violence suffered by refugees from Iraq : Trauma-related factors compared with social factors in exile.

    Article - En anglais

    Background Refugees who have suffered traumatic events present complex therapeutic challenges to health professionals.

    There is little research into post-exile factors that may be amenable to change, and therefore reduce morbidity.

    We examined the importance ofsocial factors in exile and oftrauma factors in producing the different elements of psychological sequelae of severe trauma.

    Method Eighty-four male Iraqi refugees were interviewed.

    Adverse events and level of social support were measured.

    Various measures of psychological morbidity were applied, all of which have been used in previous trauma research.

    Results Social factors in exile, particularly the level of'affective'social support, proved important in determining the severity of both post-traumatic stress disorder and depressive reactions, particularly when combined with a severe level oftrauma/torture.

    Poor social support is a stronger predictor of depressive morbidity than trauma factors.

    Conclusions Some ofthe most important factors in producing psychological morbidity in refugees may be alleviated by planned, integrated rehabilitation programmes and attention to social support and family reunion.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Réfugié, Torture, Changement social, Support social, Evénement existentiel, Effet psychologique, Posttraumatisme syndrome, Stress, Etat dépressif, Angleterre, Grande Bretagne, Royaume Uni, Europe, Santé mentale, Homme, Trouble anxieux, Trouble humeur, Irakien

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Refugee, Torture, Social change, Social support, Life events, Psychological effect, Posttraumatic syndrome, Stress, Depression, England, Great Britain, United Kingdom, Europe, Mental health, Human, Anxiety disorder, Mood disorder

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0100548

    Code Inist : 002B18C08D. Création : 22/06/1998.