The introduction of a specific International Classification of Diseases code for rotavirus diarrhea in 1992 prompted examination of the National Hospital Discharge Survey (NHDS) for trends in rotavirus-associated hospitalizations among US children aged 1 month through 4 years.
During 1993-1995,13.5% of hospitalizations were associated with diarrhea (n=162,478/year).
Rotavirus was the most common pathogen identified, coded in 16.5% of diarrhea cases (n=26,798/year), and increased from 13.3% in 1993 to 18.9% in 1995.
The age distribution and seasonality of hospitalizations of presumed noninfectious and viral etiology resembled those associated with rotavirus.
Rotavirus was reported as a cause of diarrhea more frequently by hospitals that were large (=100 beds), proprietary-owned, or in the West/Midwest.
Although these findings suggest incomplete detection of rotavirus diarrhea cases, the large number of rotavirus-associated hospitalizations underscores the need for vaccines and indicates that NHDS data could be used to monitor the impact of a US rotavirus immunization program.
Mots-clés Pascal : Rotavirus humain, Rotavirus, Reoviridae, Virus, Virose, Infection, Nouveau né, Homme, Nourrisson, Enfant, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Epidémiologie, Hospitalisation, Diarrhée, Appareil digestif pathologie, Intestin pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Human rotavirus, Rotavirus, Reoviridae, Virus, Viral disease, Infection, Newborn, Human, Infant, Child, United States, North America, America, Epidemiology, Hospitalization, Diarrhea, Digestive diseases, Intestinal disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0098514
Code Inist : 002A05C06. Création : 22/06/1998.