Differential diagnosis in client populations presenting with complexities of developmental disabilities has become a time honored psychodiagnostic practice.
Standard practice has been to ignore comorbidity in client groups where mental disorders and retardation coexist.
In persons with mental retardation, differential diagnosis prioritizes the many presenting symptoms, identifying a single causation.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorders, mood disorders, pervasive developmental disorders, stereotypic movement disorders, and mental disorders due to a general medical condition often coexist with mental retardation.
As mentally retarded populations move from institutional to community residency, comorbidity appears more prevalent, often becoming a client management issue.
Dual diagnosis is important in considering treatment plans, obtaining access and funding for services, interdisciplinary communication, and generating epidemiological data.
Mots-clés Pascal : Arriération mentale, Association morbide, Trouble psychiatrique, Diagnostic différentiel, Traitement, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Homme, Déficience intellectuelle, Trouble développement
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mental retardation, Concomitant disease, Mental disorder, Differential diagnostic, Treatment, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Human, Intellectual deficiency, Developmental disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0094809
Code Inist : 002B18B02. Création : 14/05/1998.