Social capital describes the benefits that are derived from personal social relationships (within families and communities) and social affiliations.
This investigation examined the extent to which social capital is associated with positive developmental and behavioral outcomes in high-risk preschool children.
A cross-sectional case-control analysis of young children « doing well » and « not doing well » at baseline in four coordinated longitudinal studies.
A total of 667 2-to 5-year-old children (mean age, 4.4 years) and their maternal caregivers who are participating in the Longitudinal Studies of Child Abuse and Neglect Consortium.
At recruitment, all children were characterized by unfavorable social or economic circumstances that contributed to the identification of the children as high risk.
Social capital was defined as benefits that accrue from social relationships within communities and families.
A social capital index was created by assigning one point to each of the following indicators : 1) two parents or parent-figures in the home ; 2) social support of the maternal caregiver ; 3) no more than two children in the family ; 4) neighborhood support ; and 5) regular church attendance.
Outcomes were measured with the Child Behavior Checklist, a widely used measure of behavioral/emotional problems, and with the Battelle Developmental Inventory Screening Test, a standardized test that identifies developmental deficits. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Environnement social, Développement social, Comportement social, Bien être, Epidémiologie, Etude transversale, Etude longitudinale, Enfant, Homme, Age préscolaire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Social environment, Social development, Social behavior, Well being, Epidemiology, Cross sectional study, Follow up study, Child, Human, Preschool age
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0090836
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 14/05/1998.