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  1. Environmental pollution and child health in the Aral Sea region in Kazakhstan.

    Article - En anglais

    Copyright (c) 1997 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

    The deterioration of human health with increasing infant mortality rate, declining life expectancy at birth and increasing prevalence of serious infectious diseases in Russia and other former Soviet Republics is thought to be due to a combination of several factors such as inadequate nutrition, poor sanitation, collapse of the health care system and pollution from Soviet agriculture and industries.

    In the Aral Sea region in Kazakhstan, the environmental problems are of near catastrophic proportions.

    As a result of the implementation of a massive irrigation scheme to support the cotton fields in the former desert land, the water flow to the Aral Sea was reduced to less than half.

    Industrial pollutants such as PCB-compounds and heavy metals, but also the use of large quantities of pesticides to control parasites and weeds have accumulated not only in water, but also in soil and have been deposited over large areas by atmospheric transport to enter the food chain leading to humans.

    In a study of 15 children and of an additional 12 children referred from the region of the Aral Sea to the National Children's Rehabilitation Center in Almaty with symptoms and signs of'ecological disease'we have found that the concentration of PCB compounds in the blood lipids is elevated in relation to healthy Swedish children. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Pollution, Environnement, Toxicité, Enfant, Homme, Santé, Morbidité, Mer d'Aral, Pesticide, Métal lourd, Biphényle(polychloro), Epidémiologie, Santé et environnement

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Pollution, Environment, Toxicity, Child, Human, Health, Morbidity, Aral Sea, Pesticides, Heavy metal, Polychlorobiphenyl, Epidemiology, Health and environment

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0088443

    Code Inist : 002B03M01. Création : 14/05/1998.