Effects of the civil war in central Mozambique and evaluation of the intervention of the International Committee of the Red Cross.
In October 1994, a retrospective study of mortality of children was conducted in Maringué, a district of central Mozambique.
Estimates based on maternity histories of 1503 women aged 15-60 years revealed complex changes in the under-5 death rate.
During the colonial period (1955-1974), mortality declined from 373 to 270 per 1000.
During the civil war period (1975-1991), mortality increased rapidly to reach a peak of 473 per 1000 in 1986.
It declined again thereafter and reached a plateau of 380 in 1991.
A health intervention conducted by the International Red Cross Committee since 1992 further reduced mortality to 269 per 1000 in 1994.
Most of the 1992-1994 decline was attributable to vaccinations, in particular measles and tetanus immunizations, and to Vitamin A supplementation.
Mots-clés Pascal : Guerre, Mozambique, Afrique, Epidémiologie, Mortalité, Action, Programme sanitaire, Homme, Enfant, guerre civile
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : War, Mozambique, Africa, Epidemiology, Mortality, Action, Sanitary program, Human, Child
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0085671
Code Inist : 002B30A03A. Création : 14/05/1998.