Asthma education for swedish primary care physicians : a study on the effects of "academic detailing" on practice and patient knowledge.
To assess the effect of an intervention on general practitioners' (GPs) knowledge about the diagnosis and treatment of asthma, including the prescribing of anti-asthmatic drugs, and asthmatic patients'knowledge about their disease.
The study took place in the south-west region of Stockholm County.
In the area where the intervention took place (area 1), 44 GPs at 21 health centres were visited by a clinical pharmacologist and a pharmacist presenting oral and written information.
The basic messages were :
(1) the central role of inhaled glucocorticoids ;
(2) the use of peak expiratory flow (PEF) meters ;
and (3) the use of reversibility tests.
In the control area (area 2), there were 19 GPs at nine health centres.
The GPs knowledge about the intervention message was evaluated by a questionnaire pre-and post-intervention.
The ratios of prescribed inhaled be bêta-adrenoceptor agonists to inhaled glucocorticoids were determined.
At the 26 local pharmacies, all asthmatic patients who presented a prescription for anti-asthmatic drugs, issued at the 30 health centres, were given a questionnaire before and after the intervention regarding their knowledge of asthma and its treatment.
GPs in area I showed significantly more knowledge about item numbers 2 and 3 in the above-described intervention message than did the GPs in the control area 2. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Médecin généraliste, Diagnostic, Traitement, Asthme, Chimiothérapie, Education santé, Formation professionnelle, Formation permanente, Antiasthmatique, Communication orale, Communication écrite, Pharmacien, Pharmacologie clinique, Interdisciplinaire, Enseignement mutuel, Enseignement professionnel, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Bronchopneumopathie obstructive
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : General practitioner, Diagnosis, Treatment, Asthma, Chemotherapy, Health education, Occupational training, Continuing education, Antiasthma agent, Oral communication, Written communication, Chemist, Clinical pharmacology, Interdisciplinary field, Peer tutoring teaching, Occupational education, Respiratory disease, Obstructive pulmonary disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0080904
Code Inist : 002B02D. Création : 14/05/1998.