Objectives The purpose of this study was to investigate work climate factors and structural job aspects as predictors of workplace violence, with particular attention to the relative influence of both sets of factors.
Methods Telephone survey data collected by a large midwestern insurance company were analyzed.
Interviewers asked 598 full-time workers about their work climate, structural job aspects, and subject and workplace demographics, all of which were used as predictor variables in regression analyses.
The participants were also asked about incidents of threats, harassment, physical attacks, and fear of becoming a victim of workplace violence, all of which were used as outcome measures.
Results Separate logistic regressions were carried out for each of the outcome measures.
The study identified a variety of factors which appear to place workers at risk of nonfatal occupational violence.
Work climate variables, such as co-worker support and work group harmony, were predictive of threats, harassment, and fear of becoming a victim of violence.
Structural aspects of the job, such as work schedule, were also significant in predicting threats and fear of becoming a victim of violence, but they were not predictive of harassment.
Conclusions This is the first study which suggests that both work climate and structural aspects of work may be important in promoting workplace violence. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Violence, Lieu travail, Hostilité, Agressivité, Epidémiologie, Climat social, Milieu professionnel, Stress, Facteur risque, Médecine travail, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Violence, Work place, Hostility, Aggressiveness, Epidemiology, Social climate, Occupational environment, Stress, Risk factor, Occupational medicine, United States, North America, America, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0079139
Code Inist : 002B30B04. Création : 14/05/1998.