Context. - The professional integrity of scientists is important to society as a whole and particularly to disciplines such as medicine that depend heavily on scientific advances for their progress.
- To characterize the professional norms of active scientists and compare them with those of individuals with institutional responsibility for the conduct of research.
- A mailed survey consisting of 12 scenarios in 4 domains of research ethics.
Respondents were asked whether an act was unethical and, if so, the degree to which they considered it unethical and to select responses and punishments for the act.
- A total of 924 National Science Foundation research grantees in 1993 or 1994 in molecular or cellular biology and 140 representatives from the researchers'institutions to the US Department of Health and Human Services Office of Research Integrity.
- Percentage of respondents considering an act unethical and the mean malfeasance rating on a scale of 1 to 10.
- A total of 606 research grantees and 91 institutional representatives responded to the survey (response rate of 69% of those who could be contacted).
Respondents reported a hierarchy of unethical research behaviors.
The mean malfeasance rating was unrelated to the characteristics of the investigator performing the hypothetical act or to its consequences.
Fabrication, falsification, and plagiarism received malfeasance ratings higher than 8. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Médecine, Comportement individuel, Ethique, Recherche scientifique, Responsabilité professionnelle, Questionnaire, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Medicine, Individual behavior, Ethics, Scientific research, Occupational responsibility, Questionnaire, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0078892
Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 14/05/1998.