Condoms : mis-use=non-use. The condom equation in Gujarat, India.
Condoms are a common denominator for three prestigious national prevention programmes in India, none of which has been a real success.
The present study was undertaken to investigate prevalence of condom use and to assess knowledge about correct use of condoms among married, sexually active men, who had not adopted any permanent method of contraception.
The study was conducted by a house-to-house survey in eight randomly selected villages of Anand, Gujarat (a 10% sample).
All married men (ages : 18-55 years) were interviewed with the help of a pre-tested, structured questionnaire, comprising questions on :
(a) their sexual practices ;
(b) knowledge about the correct use of condoms ;
and (c) reasons for their use/non-use.
Respondents were evaluated for knowledge about correct use of condoms by scoring on a scale of 10.
The sample consisted of 1,478 men whose mean age was 29. 8 (± 6.75) years and mean duration of married life was 8.4 (± 6.25) years.
Almost 52% (n=771) were either illiterate or had been educated up to primary level ; while 131 (8.8%) had university qualifications.
More than 74% (n=1,092) had never used condoms ; 24.4% had used them irregularly and only 1.8% (n=26) were using them regularly.
The mean knowledge score for the correct use of condoms was 1.44 ± 2.29 on a scale of 10 and it was positively related to regularity of use and educational status of respondents (p<0.001). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Comportement sexuel, Condom, Contraception, Croyance, Attitude, Programme éducatif, Prévention, Inde, Asie, SIDA, Virose, Infection, Adulte jeune, Homme, Adulte, Mâle, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Sexual behavior, Condom, Contraception, Belief, Attitude, Educational schedule, Prevention, India, Asia, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Young adult, Human, Adult, Male, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0077861
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 14/05/1998.