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  1. Some politico-economic aspects of organ shortage in transplantation medicine.

    Article - En anglais

    Transplantation of solid organs has become a widely performed and accepted procedure.

    This type of high-performance medicine has led to vigorous debates on ethical and economic issues and most of this discussion can be seen as an example of the different opinions about highly individualised and technologised approaches in health care.

    The paper focuses on the rising gap in the demand for suitable organs for transplantation and the levelling off, or even fall, in the supply of these organs.

    Despite the rather demanding requirements for organ donation, there appear to be a sufficient number of deaths under suitable circumstances to satisfy the annual demand of transplantable organs-if the collection rates are adequate.

    It has been shown that there are great differences in the rate of organ procurement efficiency within different regions.

    The question then is how to set appropriate incentives to obtain organs in sufficient quantities from eligible donors to meet the demand.

    This paper discusses the different medical and societal approaches as well as the economic proposals to overcome the organ shortage.

    The theory of Public Choice is used to develop a specific policy that can be applied to organ procurement efforts.

    This is a different approach, whereby political and economic considerations of ethical dilemmas focus on setting appropriate and widely accepted frameworks and rules, in which individuals may then decide about their behaviour. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Transplantation, Don organe, Demande, Offre, Aspect économique, Aspect politique, Motivation, Choix, Attitude, Homme, Ethique, Chirurgie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Transplantation, Organ donation, Demand, Offer, Economic aspect, Political aspect, Motivation, Choice, Attitude, Human, Ethics, Surgery

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0077322

    Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 14/05/1998.