This study was undertaken to test the effectiveness of the Stanford Nutrition Action Program, an experimental trial to reduce dietary fat intake among low-literacy, low-income adults.
Twenty-four paired adult education classes (351 participants, 85% women, mean age=31 years were randomly assigned to receive a newly developed dietary fat curriculum (the Stanford Nutrition Action Program) or an existing general nutrition curriculum.
Food frequency and nutrition-related data, body mass indox, and capillary blood cholesterol were collected at baseline and at two postintervention follow-ups.
The Stanford Nutrition Action Program classes showed significantly greater net improvements in nutrition knowledge (+7.7), attitudes (+0.2), and selfefficacy (+0.2) than the general nutrition classes ; they also showed significantly greater reductions in the percentage of calones from total (-2.3%) and saturated (-0.9%) fat.
There were no significant differences in body mass index or blood cholesterol.
All positive intervention effects were maintained for 3 months postintervention.
The Stanford Nutrition Action Program curriculum, tailored to the cultural, economic, and learning needs of low-literacy, low-income adults, was significantly more effective in achieving fat-related nutritional change than the general nutrition curriculum.
Mots-clés Pascal : Régime alimentaire restrictif, Graisse, Analphabétisme, Retard lecture, Revenu individuel, Faible, Indice masse corporelle, Cholestérolémie, Sang capillaire, Etude comparative, Randomisation, Education santé, Education nutritionnelle, Adulte, Homme, Programme action nutrition Stanford
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Restricted diet, Grease, Illiteracy, Reading retardation, Personal income, Low, Body mass index, Cholesterolemia, Capillary blood, Comparative study, Randomization, Health education, Nutrition education, Adult, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0074257
Code Inist : 002B29B. Création : 14/05/1998.