To determine whether human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) - infected STD clinic patients receive needed services and to determine the social consequences of testing HIV-positive.
Sexually transmitted disease clinic patients in Baltimore, Miami, and Newark who had first been told about a positive HIV test 6 to 24 months previously were recontacted and interviewed.
Out of 416 persons we attempted to contacts, we interviewed 142 who had first learned that they were HIV-infected 6 to 24 months previously.
Most interviewees were male (57%), black (82%), and heterosexual and had a low socioeconomic status.
Twenty-five percent said they had never received medical care for their HIV infection.
Most of those not in care said they were never referred, were « in denial, » or did not want medical care.
Interviewees had disclosed their status selectively ; but « because of HIV, » 4% had lost a job, 1% had been asked to move by a landlord, and 1% had been assaulted.
Seventy-six percent would recommend that others take an HIV test ; 11% would not recommend it.
Most patients interviewed were getting medical care and, despite some negative consequences, most would recommend HIV testing to others.
To identify and address local barriers to needed services, we suggest that clinic staff routinely recontact consenting HIV-infected patients after posttest counseling.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Virus immunodéficience humaine, Lentivirus, Retroviridae, Virus, Association, Maladie sexuellement transmissible, Enquête opinion, Qualité vie, Sérologie, Critère réponse, Aspect social, Comportement sexuel, Etude comparative, Prévention, Homme, Etude longitudinale, Article synthèse, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit, Appareil génital mâle pathologie, Appareil génital femelle pathologie, Traitement instrumental, Organisation santé
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Human immunodeficiency virus, Lentivirus, Retroviridae, Virus, Association, Sexually transmitted disease, Opinion inquiry, Quality of life, Serology, Response criterion, Social aspect, Sexual behavior, Comparative study, Prevention, Human, Follow up study, Review, United States, North America, America, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency, Male genital diseases, Female genital diseases, Instrumentation therapy, Public health organization
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0074158
Code Inist : 002B05C02D. Création : 14/05/1998.