This study examined trends and risk factors for infant mortality associated with necrotizing enterocolitis in the United-States.
Necrotizing entero-colitis-associated deaths and infant mortality rates from 1979 through 1992 were determined by means of US multiple cause-of-death and linked birth/infant death data.
Annual necrotizing enterocolitis infant mortality rates decreased from 1979 through 1986 but increased thereafter and were lower during the 3-year period before (1983 through 1985 ; 11.5 per 100 000 live births) the introduction of surfactants than after (1990 through 1992 ; 12.3 per 100 000).
Low-birthweight singleton infants who were Black, male, or born to mothers younger than 17 had increased risk for necrotizing entero-colitis-associated death.
As mortality among low-birthweight infants continues to decline and smaller newborns survive early causes of death, necrotizing enterocolitis-associated infant mortality may increase.
Mots-clés Pascal : Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Mortalité, Entérocolite nécrosante, Surfactant pulmonaire, Chimiothérapie, Poids naissance faible, Etude comparative, Epidémiologie, Tendance, Facteur risque, Nourrisson, Homme, Nouveau né, Appareil digestif pathologie, Intestin pathologie, Gestation pathologie, Prématurité, Nouveau né pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : United States, North America, America, Mortality, Necrotizing enterocolitis, Pulmonary surfactant, Chemotherapy, Low birth weight, Comparative study, Epidemiology, Trend, Risk factor, Infant, Human, Newborn, Digestive diseases, Intestinal disease, Pregnancy disorders, Prematurity, Newborn diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0073436
Code Inist : 002B13B03. Création : 14/05/1998.