Explaining social class differences in depression and well-being.
Work characteristics, including skill discretion and decision authority, explain most of the socioeconomic status gradient in well-being and depression in middle-aged British civil servants from the Whitehall II Study, London.
Social support explained about one-third of the gradient, life events and material difficulties less than one-third.
Socioeconomic status was measured by employment grade.
Work characteristics were based on the Karasek model, social support was measured by the Close Persons Questionnaire, depression hy the General Health Questionnaire and well-being by the Affect Balance Scale.
Despite a small contribution from social selective factors measured by upward mobility, the psychosocial work environment explained most of the cross-sectional socioeconomic status gradient in well-being and depression.
Mots-clés Pascal : Etat dépressif, Bien être psychologique, Classe sociale, Statut social, Statut professionnel, Facteur sociodémographique, Support social, Réseau social, Fonctionnaire, Angleterre, Grande Bretagne, Royaume Uni, Europe, Santé mentale, Homme, Trouble humeur
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Depression, Psychological well being, Social class, Social status, Professional status, Sociodemographic factor, Social support, Social network, Civil servant, England, Great Britain, United Kingdom, Europe, Mental health, Human, Mood disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0070134
Code Inist : 002B18C07A. Création : 14/05/1998.