IAMFES Annual Meeting. Seattle, WA, USA, 1996/06/30.
This paper is based on the findings of a verocytotoxic Escherichia coli (VTEC) Working Group of the UK Advisory Committee on the Microbiological Safety of Food.
In 1994,95% of UK diagnostic laboratories examined selected, usually bloody diarrheal, stool samples for E. coli O157 : H7.
The Group recommended that all diarrheal stool samples should be so examined.
Most cases of VTEC infection in the UK are caused by E. coli O157 : H7.
The number of fecal isolates rose from 1 in 1982 to a provisional 1,039 in 1995.
VTEC infection is most common in summer and in the 0-to 4-year-old age group.
Overall, about 10% of patients with hemorrhagic colitis develop the hemolytic uremic syndrome.
Most hemorrhagic colitis outbreaks affect fewer than 10 people.
Between 1992 and 1994 there were 18 general outbreaks, 8 of which were considered to be foodborne.
In the United Kingdom E. coli O157 : H7 has been found in about 0.5% of bovine carcasses and in the feces of about 1% of live cattle.
The UK government is funding a wide variety of VTEC research.
Guidelines on public health measures to control VTEC infection have been published.
Industry has been urged to adopt Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point systems.
Industry has also been urged to label raw ground beef and ground beef products with cooking instructions that should be capable of achieving an internal temperature of 70°C for 2 min or the equivalent « so that the burger's juices run clear and there are no pink bits inside. ».
Mots-clés Pascal : Escherichia coli, Enterobacteriaceae, Bactérie, Sérotype, Sécurité, Hémolyse urémie, Enfant, Homme, Diarrhée, Innocuité, Aliment, Epidémiologie, Recommandation, Bétail, Royaume Uni, Europe, Insuffisance rénale, Appareil urinaire pathologie, Hémopathie, Anémie hémolytique, Rein pathologie, Appareil digestif pathologie, Intestin pathologie, Toxine type Shiga
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Escherichia coli, Enterobacteriaceae, Bacteria, Serotype, Safety, Hemolytic uremic syndrome, Child, Human, Diarrhea, Harmlessness, Food, Epidemiology, Recommendation, Livestock, United Kingdom, Europe, Renal failure, Urinary system disease, Hemopathy, Hemolytic anemia, Kidney disease, Digestive diseases, Intestinal disease, Shiga-like toxin
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Code Inist : 002B05B02F. Création : 14/05/1998.