Domestic water and sanitation in cyclones and floods in Bangladesh and a proposed research agenda.
Water is one of the top priority items in relief activities but the appropriateness and effectiveness of this activity may be questioned.
Water and sanitation (WS) are inseparable and together they play major roles in the transmission of the pathogen of diarrhoeal disease.
Thousands of people die or suffer from WS-related diseases during postdisaster periods.
Here we present WS-related experiences gained after Bangladesh's 1991 cyclone and the views of participants in a regional and a national (local) workshop on this matter held in Bangladesh.
About 63 per cent of the water purifying tablets (WPTs) distributed after the 1991 cyclone were found to have lost potency.
Relief personnel lack basic knowledge about WS practices and the management of WS provision.
Participants in the two workshops documented serious problems in this field at both regional and national levels.
Major issues for research may include :
An appropriate environmental preparedness plan ; appropriate waste disposal technologies ; appropriate water treatment methods ; self-help activities during vulnerable periods ; and health education related to WS in disaster situations.
Mots-clés Pascal : Crue, Tempête, Bangladesh, Asie, Effluent, Eau usée urbaine, Planification, Gestion déchet, Technologie, Site décharge déchet, Traitement eau, Enseignement, Cyclone, Germe pathogène
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : floods, storms, Bangladesh, Asia, effluents, sewage, planning, waste management, technology, waste disposal sites, water treatment, education
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0063197
Code Inist : 001E01O04. Création : 14/05/1998.