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  1. Prevalence of hepatitis B, C, and D markers in sub-Saharan African immigrants.

    Article - En anglais

    We determined the prevalence of hepatitis B, C, and D virus markers in a cohort of 229 (adult group, n=187 : pediatric group, n=42) asymptomatic sub-Saharan African immigrants recently arrived to Madrid, Spain.

    Evidence of a recent or past hepatitis B virus infection marker was seen in 68 of 187 (36.4%) adults and in 14 of 42 (33.3%) children.

    The rate of chronic carriers of hepatitis B surface antigen in the entire population was 10.9% (25 of 229).

    Anti-hepatitis C virus antibodies were seen in 16 of 187 (8.6%) of the adults and in 1 of 42 (2.4%) of the children.

    Two of the 20 adults (10%) who were positive for hepatitis B surface antigen and none of the children had anti-hepatitis D virus antibodies.

    We found no significant differences in the prevalence of any viral infection marker between the two groups.

    Ten of the 125 (8%) patients in the adult group and none of the pediatric group had serologic evidence (recent or past) of hepatitis B and C coinfection.

    The hepatitis markers of this group should be studied and these persons should be considered a risk group in the hepatitis B virus vaccination campaigns.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Hépatite virale B, Virose, Infection, Hépatite virale delta, Marqueur biologique, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Afrique, Etude comparative, Facteur risque, Immigrant, Sahara, Homme, Appareil digestif pathologie, Foie pathologie, Activité biologique

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Viral hepatitis B, Viral disease, Infection, Viral hepatitis delta, Biological marker, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Africa, Comparative study, Risk factor, Immigrant, Sahara, Human, Digestive diseases, Hepatic disease, Biological activity

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0063125

    Code Inist : 002B05C02H. Création : 14/05/1998.